Bipolar disorder is a psychiatric illness that causes a disorder of mood. Between severe depression and euphoric mania period, it can be difficult to identify the disease because its symptoms can easily be confused with simple mood swings! The manic stage of bipolar disorder is particularly difficult to decipher. Here's how to recognize a person in bipolar mania stage, looking into the eyes!
According to WHO -World Health Organization-, 60 million people suffer from bipolar disorder worldwide.
These mood disorders, formerly known as manic-depressive psychosis, manifested by two very distinct and alternating stages - depression stage and mania stage - interspersed with a steady state called euthymia.
The two stages of bipolar disorder can be of different intensities depending on each person and have various symptoms.
Depression Stage:
During the depressive stage, bipolar subjects feel great sadness and lack of energy. They also tend to have sleep disorders, insomnia or hypersomnia, and show a loss of pleasure and interest in everything. They simply lose interest in life. But the most dangerous point of this stage is the risk of suicide, because bipolar patients are prefering loneliness that can lead to develop suicidal thoughts.
Mania Stage:
The manic stage is defined as a stage of excitement and hyperactivity. The subject has a very high or euphoric mood and full of energy. He sleeps less and can engage in several projects or spend money recklessly. Bipolar mania in people period also become much more talkative than usual, their self-esteem increases exaggerated but can also be irritable.
Also, people with bipolar disorder may also experience a mixed stage in which depressive symptoms and manic symptoms are coexisting .
Although bipolar disorder are generally known by an alternation of depression and mania stages, this is not always the case for all subjects. Indeed, there are two types of bipolar disorder:
Bipolar disorder type 1:
Bipolar disorder type 1 alternating stages of mania and depression, interspersed by periods of stability.
Bipolar disorder type 2:
Unlike type 1, bipolar disorder type 2 do not exhibit manic but hypomanic. Indeed, people with type 2 bipolar disorder may experience periods of severe depression followed by a period of hypomania. This is a mild form of mania, when the subject can have the same symptoms of excitement and hyperactivity but with an attenuated intensity.
What causes bipolar disorder?
Stressful situations like the death of a loved one, a divorce, a job change, a move, as well as alcohol and drugs may be triggers for bipolar disorder.
Furthermore, research has also shown that genetic factors play an important role in the manifestation of this disease. A person whose parent suffered from bipolar disorder would be predisposed genetically, with 5 to 10 times greater risk of developing the disease because they may have vulnerability genes.
How to Know if a person is in bipolar mania stage?
Although it is very difficult for a person who is not a medical professional, decrypt the symptoms of bipolar disorder, some signs can be revealing.
For example, during the manic stage, bipolar people are more energetic, happier and more creative! Manic episodes are accompanied by a sense of power and high self-esteem, why patients feel capable of several things like write a book, paint or sing. They are usually careless and do not calculate the consequences of their actions. However, if something does not go as they wish, or if they get criticism, they get angry and can easily start an argument.
Besides these personality changes, mania stage can also be revealed through physical signs, including through the eyes:
Biggest eye:
During the period of mania, bipolar person is very happy and excited, feelings can be read over his eyes. Indeed, it is possible to notice a change in the shape of eyes that become more wide open, unlike the depression stage, during which the person is upset or angry, when the eyes are narrowed instead.
A sparkling eyes:
The intense emotions felt during the manic stage make the eyes sparkling for bipolar people. The eye becomes especially shiny. This also seems to increase the level of physical attractiveness perceived.
A darker eye color:
The euphoric or dysphoric states of mania cause significant adrenaline, which in turn causes dilation of the pupils. During the expansion process, the iris of the eye is contracted to enlarge the pupil diameter, which becomes darker.
For people who have different colored ring around the pupil, eye color may seem completely different, because the ring will become more dominant.

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