Colon Cancer

Colon cancer or colorectal cancer is one of the 5 types of the most common cancer worldwide in men as well as in women, according to WHO statistics. In USA, it causes over 17 500 deaths. Focus on causes, symptoms and prevention of this cancer.

What is colon cancer?

Colon cancer is a malignant tumor that develops in the colon or rectum. In the majority of cases it is formed in the lining of the colon from polyps. They are usually benign but can become cancerous and cause colon cancer if they are not extracted. Worse, the tumor can spread and affect other body tissues and thus form metastases.
Colon cancer mainly affects people over age 50 and those with personal or family history or who suffer from inflammatory bowel diseases such as Crohn's disease.
Note, however, that even if cancer primarily affects the elderly, young people can also be affected.
Factors to colon cancer risk are many, including:
  • obesity
  • A diet high in meat (animal fat) and low in fruits and vegetables
  • Smoking and alcohol consumption
  • Physical inactivity
Symptoms of colon cancer:
Like most types of cancer, colon cancer is usually asymptomatic during its early stages. The warning signs appear only at an advanced stage and can count:
  • Abdominal pain
  • Sudden weight loss
  • Tiredness
  • The blood in the stool
  • bowel disorders
The prevention of colon cancer:
The first measure to prevent colon cancer is to get regular screening, particularly for people over 50 years. Follows a series of changes every day to clean up the lifestyle and prevent this devastating disease.
Discover below 14 tips to reduce the risk of colon cancer:
1 - Eliminate sugary drinks like sodas and refined sugar in general diet
2. Drinking green tea which is full of epigallocatechin gallate, a flavanol, known for its antioxidant properties.
3. Eat plenty of cruciferous vegetables, including broccoli, if consumed regularly can reduce the risk of colorectal cancer.
4- Eat Brazil nuts, which contain significant amounts of selenium, a trace element that plays an important role in the prevention of colorectal cancer.
5. Marinate meat in lemon or balsamic vinegar juice before cooking. These ingredients acids will inhibit the formation of chemical materials that cause cancer, according to the results of various studies.
6. Focus on foods high in dietary fiber (fruits, vegetables and whole grains) because these promote intestinal transit and may protect against colon cancer.
7. Balance the intake of omega 3 and omega 6, taking high-quality oils such as olive oil or coconut oil
8. Eat onions! These foods are an excellent source of quercetin, a flavonoid known for its antioxidant and anti-cancer.
9. Avoid eating fries or chips, which contain significant amounts of acrylamide. It is a chemical substance which is in high content starch food during cooking at high temperatures and which is potentially carcinogenic.
10- Eat fermented vegetables, especially, sauerkraut (cabbage fermentation), because they are very good sources of probiotics that improve the intestinal flora. Moreover, this fermentation process allows the production of substances for anti-cancer effect as isothiocyanates and sulforaphane.
11- Try to sleep in a dark room to enhance the production of melatonin and the sleep hormone. Do not forget that the secretion of melatonin is stimulated by darkness. The latter gave an anticancer effect by inhibiting the development of various cancers including breast cancer and prostate cancer.
12- Go walking or practice any other physical activity.
13- sun exposure to replenish vitamin D. This vitamin is essential for healthy bones and may also reduce the risk of developing colorectal cancer and breast cancer. In fact, vitamin D deficiency may be linked to the onset of colorectal cancer.
14. Avoid exposure to toxins in the environment as well as carcinogens.

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