Cancer is one of the most serious diseases these days and causes a significant number of deaths around the world. Caused by the mutation of certain cells of the body and their transformation into cancerous tumors which can develop at a very rapid rate and touch the adjacent organs and tissues. This is why it is strongly recommended to listen to your body in order to detect any changes or abnormalities that can reveal the development of cancer. In this article, we will focus on the symptoms of prostate cancer, the most common type of cancer in men.
What is the role of the prostate in our body?
The prostate is part of the male reproductive and urinary tract. It is the gland responsible for the secretion of the seminal fluid which ensures to the spermatozoa a nutritional intake rich in proteins and minerals. Forming the liquid part of the sperm, this liquid, the excess of which is eliminated by urine, is produced continuously, with increased secretion during sexual stimulation, where it will be ejaculated after mingling with spermatozoa.
In addition, the prostate can also control the urine stream by contracting and relaxing the fibers surrounding the urethra passing from the bladder to the penis through the prostate.
What is Prostate Cancer?
Prostate cancer develops following a mutation in the cells of this organ, which begin to multiply or function abnormally.
In almost 75% of cases, it originates in the glandular cells responsible for the production of the seminal fluid, and which are located in the part of the prostate nearest the rectum. The latter called peripheral zone, can be easily examined by a doctor, thanks to a simple rectal examination. In other cases, tumors can develop at the level of the central zone, the furthest from the rectum, which complicates its screening somewhat. In addition, the change in prostate cells may be benign (non-cancerous), as is the case with benign prostatic hyperplasia, which usually affects the transitional area, which increases in size Naturally with age.
There are many risk factors for prostate cancer among them:
- Family history
- The age
- A large size in adulthood
- Overweight or obesity
- A diet high in fat, red meat and dairy products
- Prostatitis or inflammation of the prostate, especially if it lasts in time
- Overexposure to testosterone
- Prolonged exposure to pesticides and other chemicals.
Therefore, if you have one or more of the risk factors listed above, it is important to remain vigilant and listen to your body to detect potential symptoms of prostate cancer as soon as they occur.
Symptoms of prostate cancer not to be ignored:
- A frequent urge to urinate, especially during the night
- A pressing and sudden need to urinate
- An inability to urinate
- A difficulty in starting the urination or interrupting it (retaining the urine stream)
- A small urine stream, reduced or discontinuous
- A sensation that the bladder has not been completely emptied
- A painful urination
- The inability to have an erection
- A painful ejaculation
- Presence of blood in sperm or urine
- Bone pain, especially in the lower back, thighs or hips
- Numbness of legs and feet.
If you are suffering from one or more of the symptoms listed above, it is strongly recommended that you seek the advice of your doctor, in order to benefit from early screening, thus putting all chances of healing on your side.