Jack Andraka 15 Year Old Kid Invents Cancer Test


This 19-year-old American high school student proves that it is not compulsory to be a doctor to know how to detect cancer in time. His talent will dazzle you and may save your life.

It is the story of a young American whose genius has impressed the greatest scientists of the world. Jack Andraka was a 15-year-old high school student when he invented a very inexpensive and fast method to detect pancreatic cancer. He received the Grand Prize Intel Science Fair in 2012 and won other awards including the Gordon.E Moore and national and international mathematics competitions.

Cancer of the pancreas

The pancreas is an organ of the human body consisting of three parts: the head, the body and the tail of the pancreas. The function of this organ is to produce pancreatic juice secreted by exocrine cells, which helps decompose food in the stomach, and hormones (insulin and glucagon) that regulate the level of glucose in the blood. It is therefore essential for the proper functioning of the body.

Pancreatic cancer is the fourth leading cause of death in Europe and is responsible for 300,000 deaths a year worldwide. It is one of the most aggressive and difficult to treat cancers, hence the importance of detecting it in time. It is a rapid development of the cells of the pancreas which form a malignant tumor, which will hamper the functioning of the organ by compressing its canals and the blood vessels adjacent to it.

Causes of pancreatic cancer

Many factors can pose a risk of developing pancreatic cancer. At the top of the list is smoking, obesity and the genetic factor.

The signs and symptoms of pancreatic cancer

Some symptoms may alarm the person with this cancer, although at the onset of the disease it manifests very little, if at all. The patient does not realize it until after several years, when the tumor has already reached the surrounding organs.

Generally, this disease develops by yellowing of the body and the white of the eyes. This jaundice is often accompanied by pruritus (itching). There are other symptoms, such as urine becoming more brown and stools becoming lighter, frequent pain in the stomach and back, feeling gastric heaviness, chronic fatigue, loss of appetite, Loss of weight, etc.

Screening for pancreatic cancer

Screening for this type of cancer is based on a battery of examinations performed by the attending physician. In this case, it is necessary to consult gastroenterologists or oncologists who are more able to treat the disease.

The patient must undergo an ultrasound to ensure the presence of a mass and then a CT scan to determine its size and influence on the other organs and whether it is a tumor mass May cause potential complications.

The next step is to perform a biopsy to confirm the diagnosis. Long, very often expensive steps, and it is usually too late when detected. But there is also another way to detect this cancer ... and it is far from ordinary.

The invention of Jack Andraka

Jack's motivation is born when his uncle dies of pancreatic cancer. He then begins to learn about this disease because biology fascinates him. He learns that very often, this disease is detected at an advanced stage and it is already too late to save the patient. Jack is thirsty for finding the fastest way to detect the disease.

He then conducts more in-depth research and ultimately leads to an extraordinary discovery: a new method of screening for pancreatic cancer. It is 168 times faster than traditional methods because it would detect cancer in less than 5 minutes. It is also cheaper and more effective because of its extreme sensitivity. This test is also effective for lung and ovarian cancer. Her discovery ? A protein called mesothelin that could play this screening role.

This protein naturally present in the human body is produced in quantity in case of cancer. After several searches, he succeeded in inventing a kind of test strip capable of detecting this protein, with a success rate close to 90%.

This research could revolutionize the world of medicine. The young man says his wish was to popularize this test and make it accessible to everyone in pharmacy in order to detect pancreas cancer as early as possible and be able to treat it in time.



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