Many dog owners face quite chaotic situations when they suddenly find themselves in distress. Indeed, many of you do not necessarily know how to respond when your most faithful companion begins to have trouble breathing or is in a medical emergency.
Like humans, dogs can also suffer from diseases such as cancer, kidney failure, heart problems or even diabetes. It is possible to follow up regularly with the veterinarian in order to monitor this type of condition and to give the appropriate treatment. On the other hand, there are rare situations that can solicit certain precise gestures that can make the difference between life and death. This is especially the case when the dog suddenly stops breathing.
Each master must be able to resuscitate his dog in case of respiratory distress by applying the essential gestures of cardiopulmonary resuscitation. CPR is a vital technique to save a dog's life and is just as important as your veterinarian's number and the nearest veterinary emergency number.
In this article, we show you how to apply the first actions of CPR and those of the Heimlich method (first aid gesture to release the airways obstructed by a foreign body) if necessary.
How to respond to respiratory distress?
If you notice that your dog has difficulty breathing and has no pulse, you must have the right reflexes. Start by calling your veterinarian or emergency immediately to warn them of the situation, and while awaiting their arrival, perform the resuscitation gestures without further delay. If accompanied, it is preferable for one person to perform the CPR actions while the other person takes care of the dog while remaining close to him for reassurance.
First of all, it must first be ensured that the dog no longer breathes or has no pulse, otherwise resuscitation is unnecessary. To do this, look carefully at his chest to see if he is moving or if he is still and approach your hand or a tissue from his muzzle to see if air is passing (if it does, you will feel Heat on your hand or will be able to see the handkerchief move). If the dog has difficulty breathing, CPR is useless, but it must be taken quickly to the veterinarian. However, if he does not breathe, he must be resuscitated.
Make sure the groove is not obstructed
Before performing CPR, it is recommended to check first that the throat is not obstructed by a foreign body that blocks breathing. If this is the case, it must be removed immediately if the air does not pass the resuscitation will have no effect.
Open your dog's mouth wide, if you observe an item that blocks his throat, remove it by using pliers or your fingers. If you are unable to do so, you must perform the Heimlich method. You must place yourself behind your dog, bend over and place a fist under the last rib and place the other hand on it. Pull and lift with five pressures on the abdomen.
Check the throat of your dog, if the airways are still unobstructed, repeat the operation a second time. However, if the throat is no longer obstructed but the dog is still not breathing, check his pulse, if the pulse is stopped then CPR must begin.
How to perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation?
Lengthen the dog to the side and place behind his back, put both palms on the wide part of the ribs (for a small dog, thumb and fingers suffice). Keeping elbows straight and making compressions, you have to blow all the 5 compressions into the nostrils of the dog and make 100 compressions per minute.
Stop every 2 minutes to see if the dog breathes or has a pulse, if this is the case, stop the CPR, otherwise it must continue until the arrival of the rescue. As soon as your dog has recovered a pulse, it will be necessary for him to receive medical help.