The World Health Organization reports 25 million deaths each year as a result of an infarction. Heart attacks would account for as much as 45% of deaths worldwide. To guard against it, it is fundamental to follow healthy habits.
What is an infarction?
Myocardial infarction occurs when the heart rhythm becomes abnormally jerky and the blood flow from the brain to the heart blocks, due to obstruction of the coronary artery or one of the heart's blood vessels, resulting in Inevitably the necrosis (death) of the heart muscle due to lack of oxygen supply. The result is an accumulation of fat, characterized by coronary spasms or clots that form on the walls and eventually obstruct the coronary arteries.
Factors causing Heart Attack
Several factors can be the cause of an infarction, the best known are:
- High blood pressure
- Family history
- Drug use
- Hyperlipidemia (high levels of lipids in the blood that promotes the formation of blood clots)
- The tobacco
- The stress
- Intensive-frequency sport
- Polycythemia (production of red blood cells in excess)
- Coronary artery disease
- Rare coronary disorders (diseases of Kawasaki and Takayasu, periarthritis nodosa ...)
The warning signs of a heart attack
- An intermittent pain, accompanied by a feeling of oppression in the thorax and which does not dissipate at rest
- A pain radiating from the chest to the neck, shoulder, arm, back, jaw, teeth
- Prolonged pain in the abdominal part as well as heartburn
- Shortness of breath
- Sweating and cooling the skin
- Loss of knowledge
- Nausea and vomiting
- A cooling of the skin
- Anxiety and fear of imminent danger
How to protect yourself with these daily habits?
The most effective way to prevent heart attacks is to adopt a set of habits to ensure you meet your nutritional and physical needs:
1- Food is a fundamental aspect! For a healthy heart, incorporate into your menus these foods that limit the risk of hypertension, lower the cholesterol and prevent the arteries from clogging as efficiently as drugs.
Full haro on almonds and nuts! It is known, hypercholesterolemia causes cardiac disorders. One study showed that bad cholesterol cleared the ingestion of phytosterols and the vitamin E that the almonds contain. Studies have shown that a daily intake of 30 g almonds reduces the risk of clot formation by 45%.
According to one study, women aged 25-42 who consume red fruits are less likely to have a heart attack. This is due to their antioxidant properties, which can dilate the blood vessels and lower the blood pressure.
You should consume more citrus fruits! Oranges, lemons and grapefruit are rich in vitamin C, which is very good for the heart.
Green vegetables, dried fruits, watermelons, bananas, raw garlic, carrots and tomatoes give the heart an extra boost.
Fatty fish such as salmon, sardines and tuna are full of benefits for this vital organ.
2- Physical activity is recommended provided that efforts are progressive and that they are not carried out after meals, especially during digestion, where the supply of oxygen to the heart decreases in favor of the intestines.
Prefer endurance sports that improve cardiovascular fitness without excessively violating the heart. Give yourself 20 minutes a day, walking, jogging, cycling, yoga, gymnastics, avoiding exercises that involve respiratory blockage, swimming in very poor waters Cold.
3 - Everything is about balance in the consumption of wine. According to one study, moderate consumption of red wine is beneficial for victims of a myocardial infarction. Two glasses a day, neither more nor less!
4 - Train your waistline! The risk of a heart attack is greater when the abdominal perimeter is greater than 88 cm in women, 102 cm in men.
5 - Stopping smoking will be just as beneficial for your heart.