Blood pressure or blood pressure refers to the blood pressure in the arteries when it is circulating. Due to different factors, the blood pressure can vary, it can rise and in this case we speak of hypertension or lower (hypotension). What are the symptoms of these fluctuations in blood pressure? Can it be remedied or prevented by food? They tell you everything.
Blood pressure corresponds to the pressure exerted by the blood on the walls of the arteries during its circulation. The latter play an important role because they lead blood from the heart to the various organs and tissues of the body.
During each contraction of the heart, the blood is propelled into the arteries which must remain flexible in order to fulfill their role properly.
To assess blood pressure, two measures are taken:
The systolic pressure (1st digit) which indicates the moment of contraction of the heart to send the blood into the arteries. The pressure is then higher.
Diastolic pressure (2nd digit) refers to the relaxation phase during which the heart relaxes. The pressure is therefore lower.
A blood pressure is normal when it is less than 120/80. When it exceeds 140/90, it is called hypertension. Hypotension is defined by a systolic pressure of 100 or 90 mmHg.
Symptoms of hypertension and hypotension:
Hypertension is often referred to as a "silent killer" because it usually does not have any distinct symptoms. However some signs can alert:
- The palpitations
- The ringing of the ear
- Vision Disorders
- Nose Bleeds
The symptoms of hypotension are also not very clear and can easily be confused with the signs of other pathologies. Here are, nevertheless, some symptoms:
- Dizziness and dizziness
- Accelerating heart rate
Hypertension and hypotension can have serious health consequences if unchecked. Hypertension, in particular, progressively deteriorates the arteries, and may increase the risk of stroke, myocardial infarction, angina pectoris and renal insufficiency.
So controlling his blood pressure is important to prevent these diseases and preserve his health. Diet is an essential element when it comes to regulating blood pressure.
Foods to be banned in case of hypertension:
According to a study conducted by researchers at the Mid America Heart Institute of Saint Luc, sugar, especially corn syrup used in industrial preparations, would be implicated in the onset of hypertension. According to the results, consuming 74g per day increases the risk of hypertension by 30%.
Aside from omega-3s, all other types of fatty acids are linked to high risks of hypertension in women, according to a US study.
Alcohol, high sodium foods and caffeine are also to be avoided in case of hypertension.
Best foods to lower blood pressure:
In a meta-analysis of 36 studies, the consumption of fish oil (excellent source of omega-3) may decrease the diastolic pressure by 1.6 mmHg and the systolic blood pressure by 2.1 mmHg. The decrease is greater in people with hypertension. This effect can be explained by the action of omega-3s on the hormone that controls blood pressure. The more these fatty acids are, the less the hormone is produced.
According to a study based on data from 1,000 people in 21 different countries, increasing potassium intake to 4.7g per day could reduce the systolic pressure from 1.7 mmHg to 3.2 mmHg.
Especially black tea, would reduce blood pressure levels by 2 to 3 points, according to an Australian study.
The dark chocolate:
A study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association and conducted on nearly 50 adults aged 56-73 with hypertension demonstrated that regular but moderate consumption of dark chocolate reduces the pressure by 2 to 3 points Arterial blood pressure. This effect can be explained by its richness in flavonoids with antioxidant properties.
Foods rich in magnesium as well as garlic are also foods to be preferred in case of hypertension.
Other healthy habits can also help lower blood pressure namely:
- Practicing regular physical activity
- Learning to manage stress
- Use essential oils in diffusion or application (lavender for example)