Hot dogs are among the most consumed fast foods all over the world. Appreciated for their gustatory quality, they are perfect for a meal on the go, since they can be prepared in no time. But as practical as they may be, hot dogs are not safe for health. As part of processed meats, these foods are harmful and include chemical ingredients and additives classified as carcinogenic.
Originally from the city of Frankfurt in Germany, hot dogs were mainly pig sausages distributed free to spectators during the imperial coronations. They were then introduced to the United States by German immigrants during the 19th century, where they underwent a mutation to become the processed food currently sold.
How is a hot dog made?
Normally, hot dogs are made from parts of pork, beef and chicken, which are chopped into a machine. Salt, food starch and other ingredients are then added to enhance the taste. These vary according to the country, depending on the tastes. The addition of various other chemical additives, flavors and preservatives is also noted.
Placed in large machines, the mixture is mixed and is watered with water, then corn syrup to add a sweet touch. Another machine is in charge of reducing the pureed mixture to facilitate the padding of the plastic tubes which will then be cooked. Once out of the oven, hot dogs are sprayed with cold salted water to cool them before removing the plastic and packing them.
Hot dogs, what danger to health?
As part of the processed meats classified as carcinogenic to humans by the World Health Organization, hot dogs are harmful to health. They contain large amounts of salt, fats, preservatives and many other chemical additives.
Hot dogs contain nearly 2% salt, making them very high in sodium. It is true that this nutrient is essential to the proper functioning of the body, but consumed in excess, it can lead to hypertension and promote the appearance of cardiovascular diseases.
Like all processed products, the hot dog contains preservatives and chemical additives. The most pointed ingredients of the finger are the salts of nitrates and nitrites, whose role is to better conserve food, but also to offer a flavor and a color to the cured meats. They are widely used in the preparation of different types of processed meats, including hot dogs.
According to a meta-analysis, released in 2006, consuming processed meats increases the risk of stomach cancer. According to another study published in the newspaper "Cancer causes & Control", hot dogs, increase 9 times the risk of cancer in children who consume 12 hot dogs per month.
The aromas :
Artificial flavors are part of hot dogs. For many brands, they are herbs, spices or powdered garlic, while others do not hesitate to use monosodium glutamate (MSG).
It is a substance composed of salt and glutamate, widely used in the agri-food industry as a taste enhancer.
The MSG has been incriminated in the appearance of allergies, dehydration and migraines. But scientific evidence remains necessary to confirm its harmfulness.
Moreover, because of their composition, hot dogs contain a lot of bad fats and therefore cholesterol. For example, a hot dog made from pork, of 76 g, contains up to 18 g fat, whereas the fat requirement of an adult person varies between 44 and 76 g per day.
The same product also contains 50 mg of cholesterol, the recommended intake being 300 mg per day. Hot dogs therefore cover much of the daily intake of fat and cholesterol.
Recall that a high cholesterol diet increases blood cholesterol levels and, therefore, the risks of cardiovascular disease.
Verdict: no more consuming hot dogs!
While nitrates and monosodium glutamate are not used by all hot dog brands, it remains difficult to escape the large amounts of salt and fat in these foods that threaten health.
It is thus advisable to avoid consuming hot dogs, as well as any other meats or processed products.