Cancer is the disease of the century. This affection, which presents itself in different forms and touches several organs of the body, can have fatal consequences. Breast cancer in particular, considered the most common type of cancer in women, is the leading cause of cancer death in women. Thus, knowing the symptoms of this disease is important in order to detect it in advance and increase the chances of recovery.
Breast cancer refers to a malignant tumor that develops in the breasts. This is the most diagnosed type of cancer in women around the world. Indeed, 1 in 8 women is affected by this disease.
The incidence of breast cancer increases with age. But although the majority of cases are women over the age of 50, it is quite possible that this disease affects younger women.
One can distinguish between two types of breast cancer:
Non-invasive cancers, ductal carcinoma in situ in particular, which is the most common and which develops in breast milk channels.
Invasive cancers, which attack the tissues surrounding the lactation channels, always remaining in the breast. However, when the tumor is not treated, it can affect other parts of the body.
Breast cancer, causes and risk factors:
It remains difficult to explain the reasons for the occurrence of breast cancer in a person, although there are several risk factors that promote its onset :
- Family and personal history
- Late Pregnancy
- Late menopause
- Early puberty
- Mutation of the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes (80% risk of developing breast cancer)
- Regular consumption of alcohol
Breast Cancer Symptoms:
Among the most common symptoms of cancer, there is the formation of a ball in the breast. It can be mobile or fixed and can also be accompanied by lymph nodes in the armpit, a sign of an expansion of the cancer.
Other symptoms are also observed, including:
Flows from the nipple:
Nipple flows, which refer to fluid leakage, usually occur after childbirth, when the breasts are filled with milk. Only, when the flows occur outside this period, we must worry!
Nipple discharge can reveal various health problems, such as breast infections, a benign tumor or breast cancer. If you notice streaks of greenish, brown, bloody or light, do not hesitate to consult a doctor.
Changes in breast appearance:
The woman's body experiences various changes throughout her life. Breasts in particular change shape or size, depending on age or other factors.
Some changes may be normal, while others may be alarming. For example, a retraction of the nipple, an alteration in the appearance of the skin, which becomes thick, a sensation of heat, deformity of the breast, appearance of redness and scaling near the nipple, are signs of breast cancer.
Breast cancer: diagnosis and prognosis
The diagnosis of breast cancer is made by different methods. The doctor first operates a palpation of the breast to identify any abnormal masses. The next step is mammography or ultrasound. It may also have recourse to a puncture of the mass to know its nature. If it is cancerous, another series of tests will be needed to know if the tumor has touched other organs.
The treatment of breast cancer varies according to the stage of the tumor. Most cases result in healing, and mastectomy is not always necessary. In France, 84% of breast cancer cases remain alive 5 years after diagnosis.
To increase the chances of curing cancer, early detection is important! Diagnosed early, breast cancer is easier to treat and less likely to leave scars. Early detection also reduces the risk of death by 25%!
From quarantine, regular checks at a professional are recommended. It is also advisable to carry out self-examinations, by palpation of the breast to detect any changes.