The thyroid is a gland that plays a very important role in the body. By secreting thyroid hormones, it is involved in various functions of the body. But, due to several factors, it may be subject to unrest. Hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism are the most frequent thyroid problems. Discover in this article how to regulate the function of this gland to prevent them.
Located at the base of the neck, the thyroid has the function of producing thyroid hormones, T3 and T4, which play a large role in the body.
Indeed, these two hormones regulate body temperature, reproduction and metabolism, control the growth and function of the muscles but also the heart rate and libido.
The synthesis of thyroid hormones depends mainly on the pituitary gland. This gland localized to the brain produces thyroid stimulating hormone, which in turn controls the secretion of T3 and T4.
In some cases, the activity of the thyroid gland may be disrupted, which can lead to disorders, including hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism. Women are particularly affected. For example, hyperthyroidism affects 8 women against 1 man.
Hypothyroidism results in insufficient secretion of thyroid hormones. This disorder is mainly caused by an iodine deficiency, an essential trace element for the functioning of the thyroid. However, other factors may promote the development of this disorder such as congenital hypothyroidism or certain thyroid pathologies, including hyperthyroidism.
Hypothyroidism manifests itself in quite distinct signs: weight gain, hair loss, fatigue, chilliness or depression.
What is Hyperthyroidism?
Hyperthyroidism refers to the abnormally excessive production of thyroid hormones. There are many causes of this disorder, including iodine-rich medications, thyroiditis (thyroid inflammation), thyroid nodule formation or Graves' disease, an autoimmune disease that remains the most common cause. Frequent hyperthyroidism. The visibility of the symptoms depends on the intensity of this disorder, if it is a mild hyperthyroidism, the latter may be silent. But in general, the most common signs of hyperthyroidism are: weight loss, sleep disorders, mood swings and excessive sweating, among others.
Treatments for thyroid problems depend primarily on the origin of the disorder. Depending on the case, doctors may prescribe synthetic thyroid hormones, iodine supplements or an ablation of an area of the thyroid.
How to prevent thyroid disorders?
The best way to prevent thyroid problems remains to boost the functions of this gland. Indeed, by improving and stimulating the thyroid, one can avoid the disruption of its functioning. Here are some tips to follow:
Have adequate intake of vitamin A and D:
According to recent research, vitamin D plays a major role in the functioning of the thyroid. This is essential for thyroid hormones to penetrate the cells. This vitamin is also involved in repairing the damage that the thyroid gland is experiencing.
Vitamin A in turn, is essential for the health of the thyroid. This vitamin works in synergy with the hormone T3, to ensure the functions of this gland. Better, vitamin A supplementation would reduce the risk of hypothyroidism in women during the pre-menopause period, according to a study published on the site of the National Center of Biotechnology Information.
Marine algae bring several vitamins to the body, but especially many minerals. Potassium, calcium, magnesium, sodium and iodine, these foods have an impressive nutritional quality. The iodine intake of algae remains very interesting and can even be used to compensate for deficiencies in this micronutrient. Remember that iodine represents the fuel of the thyroid. Having sufficient supplies, therefore, makes it possible to ensure its proper functioning. The seaweed, the kelp or the dulse are all algae to favor.
Prefer coconut oil:
Coconut oil provides the thyroid with medium chain fatty acids that are essential for its functioning. It is notably known to stimulate the production of thyroid hormones.
Avoid Goitrogenic Foods:
Some foods can slow down the functions of the thyroid and inhibit the absorption of iodine by it. It is therefore important to avoid them or limit their consumption. These include soy, peanuts, horseradish, cabbage, broccoli ...