Stroke a dangerous or even fatal attack. It appears due to a failure of blood circulation that affects a region of the brain. This failure deprives the brain areas of oxygen and nutrients essential to their functions. There are warning signs that our body sends us a month before a stroke.

Stroke is the second leading cause of death in the world, affecting nearly 15 million people in both developed and developing countries. In France, more than 130,000 strokes are recorded every year, a stroke every four minutes. According to the National Institute of Health and Medical Research (INSERM), brain accidents are the leading cause of acquired disability in adults. There are two types of stroke, cerebral ischemic stroke, which is the most well-known and hemorrhagic event. However, it is possible to protect yourself, if we pay attention to certain signs that our body is trying to send us.

What is a stroke? And what are its precursors?

A stroke is caused in most of the time by blocking the blood vessel which is responsible for transporting oxygen and nutrients to the brain through a clot. This phenomenon is called ischemic stroke. There is another type of stroke, the hemorrhagic event. This one is caused by a cerebral hemorrhage after a rupture of a blood vessel. When these nerve cells are deprived of oxygen and nutrients, even for a few minutes, they die and they are not able to regenerate.

The formation of lipid plaques on the walls of blood vessels, known as atherosclerosis, is one of the main causes of stroke.

Here is a list of factors causing a stroke:
  • Very high blood pressure
  • Heart disease, including heart rhythm disorders
  • Smoking
  • Diabetes
  • obesity
  • High Cholesterol
  • Physical inactivity and physical inactivity
  • High consumption of alcohol
  • The stress

Symptoms of stroke:

According to experts, there are no specific signs of stroke and they may be different from one person to another. But we should pay attention to any change that happens to our body and it is possible to intervene as soon as the following symptoms appear:

- Paralysis of a limb or a side
- Dizziness and loss of consciousness
- Hallucinations and characteristic disorders
- Sudden drop in vision or sudden loss of vision
- Disorders of the sensitivity of a limb or a side
- Language difficulties, difficulty speaking
- Respiratory problems
- Disorders of balance and fatigue
-Troubles of understanding.

Prevention of small vascular accidents:

It is possible that blockage of the cerebral artery is just temporary and temporary and the symptoms disappear within 24 hours without leaving any sequelae. This phenomenon is called transient ischemic attack (TIA) or mini stroke. Its symptoms are the same as those of a normal stroke and the diagnosis can be confirmed by an MRI examination.

A mini stroke is an alarm signal, which we must not take lightly. The risk of stroke is possible and is higher in the months following the stroke. It is therefore important to consult a doctor as soon as possible.

Mini-strokes can affect a person over the age of 65 in 15, but often remain unidentified if symptoms are not recognized. It is therefore important to know the symptoms of mini stroke because preventive treatment can help reduce the risk of stroke and heart attacks.

The symptoms of the transient ischemic attack are almost the same as those of a stroke. These symptoms include loss of strength and fatigue, loss of sensitivity of an arm or a leg or a side of the body. They may also be accompanied by a sudden difficulty finding and expressing oneself, poor coordination, sudden disturbances of balance and walking, vision problems, double vision, vertigo and dizziness.

In general, the symptoms disappear very quickly, before maximum 24h, without any sequelae but if they persist this can cause cell death which means a stroke. To reduce the risk of mini stroke, everyone needs to control their blood pressure, cholesterol and diabetes, and lead a healthy life with a balanced diet and regular physical activity.

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