Beginning in adolescence, menstrual cycles refer to the preparation of the body for pregnancy. The first day of the cycle is equal to the first day of the rules and ends at the beginning of the following rules. These appear because the ovum has not been fertilized or has not attached to the uterine wall.

As a result, the uterus begins to evacuate the tissues formed to receive a fertilized egg. Normal menstruation last an average of 4 to 7 days and the bleeding corresponds to about 10 to 80 ml or 1 to 6 tablespoons of liquid. However, as each woman is different, variations in these averages are possible, but when these variations are excessive, it is necessary to worry and go to her gynecologist.

Indeed, some menstrual problems should never be ignored. Discover it!

The 6 menstrual problems to never ignore

Hormonal Disorder

When the functioning of the hormones is disturbed, consequences on the general state of health are remarkable. Indeed, the role of hormones is to regulate insulin levels, body temperature, reproduction, growth, mood, metabolism and energy mainly. The causes of a hormonal disorder are usually a poor lifestyle, a lack of sleep as well as taking certain medications like infertility treatments or taking contraceptives and hormonal supplements. It is possible to know if one suffers from a hormonal imbalance through symptoms such as abnormal weight gain, decreased libido, hair loss, urinary tract infection and mood disorders.

Unbearable symptoms of premenstrual syndrome

Premenstrual syndrome corresponds to the set of physical and emotional symptoms occurring between 2 to 7 days before menstruation. These symptoms are characterized by intense fatigue, sensitive and swollen breasts, swelling of the lower abdomen, headaches and mood disorders. Approximately one third of women are affected by premenstrual syndrome or PMS. The hormones responsible for these disturbing and even unbearable symptoms are estrogens when they are in large quantities compared to progesterone during the second ovarian cycle.

Excessive bleeding or prolonged cycle of 10 days

Menstrual cycles vary from one woman to another but are usually 28 days in duration. However, when menstruation is more abundant or the cycle is extended by 10 days, a gynecological consultation is required. Indeed, although a hormonal disturbance may simply be the cause, other serious causes may be the reason for this disorder such as ectopic pregnancy, contraceptive change, uterine polyps, fibroids, adenomyosis or even cancer of the uterus.

Abnormal bleeding

About one in five women suffer from abnormal bleeding, that is, bleeding or bleeding occurring outside the menstrual cycle. From the most benign cause like stress or psychological variations to the most serious cause such as precancerous cells or an ovarian cyst, it is advisable to consult her gynecologist during abnormal bleeding in order to oust serious pathologies.

Intense and sudden cramps

Painful and embarrassing, intense and sudden cramps usually mark the beginning of the menstrual cycle. They can be accompanied by nausea, diarrhea and vomiting and are caused by the contraction of the uterus. The painful rules are then called dysmenorrhea. However, if these cramps and pains become disabling on a daily basis, they may indicate endometriosis, benign tumors, ovarian cysts or venereal disease infections.

The absence of menstruation

Although this is normal during pregnancy, the absence of menstruation or an irregular cycle can be caused by taking certain medications, hormonal disruption, emotional shock or a change in habits. However, this may be the result of certain diseases such as fibroids, endometriosis, luteal insufficiency, thyroid problems, hypercholesterolemia or pre-menopause. An appointment with the gynecologist is then necessary so that he performs a blood test to check the level of the hormones, thyroid or other usual substances present in the blood.


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