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Here Are The Symptoms Of Ovarian Cancer That Women Ignore!

Less common than breast cancer, ovarian cancer, is no less dangerous. With 4,000 new cases every year in France, this type of cancer rem...

Symptoms Of Ovarian Cancer That Women Ignore!

Less common than breast cancer, ovarian cancer, is no less dangerous. With 4,000 new cases every year in France, this type of cancer remains difficult to detect, which generally leads to a late diagnosis. And although advances in medicine have allowed for a high cure rate, the prognosis depends mainly on early diagnosis and treatment. Here are the signs of ovarian cancer that should not be ignored.

Ovarian cancer remains a rare cancer. It affects an average of one in 70 women and is considered the fifth cancer affecting women after that of breast, colon, uterus and stomach.

As the name suggests, this cancer affects the ovaries, the main organs of the reproductive system. There are three types of ovarian cancer:

Stromal cell tumors affect women over 50 years of age and originate in connective tissue cells that support and connect the components of the ovary.

Epithelial cancer is considered the most common form of ovarian cancer because it accounts for 90% of cases. The latter develops in the cells of the epithelium, a tissue that envelops the ovaries. Epithelial cancer affects mainly postmenopausal women.

Germ cell tumors affect younger women. They form at the level of the cells that contribute to the production of the ova.

Causes and Risk Factors for Ovarian Cancer:

The causes of ovarian cancer are not precise. But according to one hypothesis, this type of cancer can result from damage to the cells of the ovary epithelium during the ovulation period.

The risk factors are numerous:
  • A family history of ovarian or breast cancer
  • Hormone replacement therapy for menopause
  • Exposure to asbestos
  • The early rules
  • Late menopause
  • The absence of pregnancy
  • Smoking

Symptoms of Ovarian Cancer:

Like most cancers, ovarian cancer is often asymptomatic. Doctors say that a tumor measuring 10 cm may not cause symptoms. Ovarian cysts cancer evolves silently, it is for this reason that it is very often detected at a very advanced stage.

However, women with ovarian cancer have reported some common symptoms such as:
  • Flatulence and bloating
  • Abdominal and pelvic pain
  • Changes in stools
  • An urgent and frequent need to urinate
  • Tiredness
  • Nausea
  • Unexplained Weight Loss
  • A difficulty in feeling full or eating
  • Digestive disorders
All of these symptoms can easily be linked to many other conditions, but if they persist for more than three weeks, it is important to consult a doctor.

In addition to these signs, other symptoms have also been reported by women with cancer, including: bleeding after menopause or out of menstruation, unexplained weight gain, Bulk mass at the level of the ovary as well as back pain.

Diagnosis and prognosis of ovarian cancer:

Due to the absence of specific symptoms, ovarian cancer is often diagnosed in advanced stages. 70% of cases of ovarian cancer are detected in the third stage, when the tumor extends to reach other parts of the body such as the lymph nodes or the abdomen.

Stages 3 and 4, when the tumor affects the liver or spreads outside the abdomen, are advanced stages. Ovarian cancer can sometimes be detected by chance during a normal gynecological examination or consultation for another health problem.

Being discovered late, the prognosis of ovarian cancer is not very good. In France, 3,500 women die from this disease each year. In general, survival rates are about 30% after 5 years. But when the diagnosis is made in advance, the cure rate can reach 90% after 5 years because at this stage the tumor has not yet spread to other neighboring organs.

However, the concern is the absence of a medical examination exclusively designed for the early diagnosis of ovarian cancer. Because if there are several tests to detect breast or uterine cancer beforehand, there is none for ovarian cancer.

Until now, the only way that allows an early diagnosis are frequent examinations in a gynecologist.

It is therefore necessary to have regular follow-up to detect this disease on time. It is also important not to overlook the above signs!